Japanese Anime
RESOURCE PAGE




 

 

 


Japanese Anime
Roundup: New Anime Series, Japanese Sites 

Anime News Network - Jan 10 11:20 PM
RIGHT TURN ONLY!! - Invasion of the One-Word Titles Basilisk! Emma! Life! Manga series that need no introduction, right here on the latest RTO!! Also, look forward to a cute but clever Import of the Month.

Japanese Culture
Report: Japanese lawmaker in North Korea to try to break impasse in nuclear talks 
Boston Herald - Jan 12 9:32 AM
TOKYO - A Japanese lawmaker said he met with North Korean officials in the reclusive country's capital this week in an attempt to break an impasse in the six-nation talks on the North's nuclear...

Japanese Animation
Viz Pictures Announces Hartford Screening of Train Man: Densha Otoko 
Anime News Network - Jan 12 2:04 AM
San Francisco, CA, January 11, 2007 – VIZ Pictures, an affiliate of VIZ Media LLC, the leading U.S. publisher of Japanese animation and comics that focuses on Japanese live-action film distribution, has announced the forthcoming theatrical screening of the quirky romantic comedy TRAIN MAN: DENSHA OTOKO. The film, which has received widespread critical acclaim and caused a sensation in Japan ...

Japanese Girl
Short Takes 
New York Daily News - Jan 12 1:27 AM
ABDUCTION: THE MEGUMI YOKOTA STORY Documentary about a Japanese girl kidnapped by North Korean spies. At Cinema Village (1:25). Not rated. In Japanese with subtitles.

Japanese Symbols
Mizuho Financial To Increase Stake In Nikko Cordial? 
SeekingAlpha via Yahoo! Finance - Jan 11 5:20 AM
John Bethel submits: When I first mentioned Nikko Cordial in May 2005, I speculated that the brokerage company could be a takeover target, specifically by the Japanese behemoth Mizuho Financial .

Japanese Models
Toyota gets new Tundra just right 
USA Today - Jan 12 6:55 AM
Lunch stop here proved two important things. It is possible to get good barbecue at a building that's not condemned, and Toyota's remake of its Tundra full-size pickup is a perfect fit in the pickup landscape dominated by Detroit models.

Japanese Manga
Global endeavor: Japanese Friendship Program unveils new Web site 
The Southern Illinoisan - Jan 12 5:33 AM
MARION - The Southern Illinois Japanese Friendship Program has managed to stay busy enough to say it in two languages and a new Web site is taking that mission global.

Japanese Women
Veils aside, Arab women eye latest runway fashions 
Reuters via Yahoo! News - Jan 11 7:51 AM
The women in the audience may be enveloped in black but their eyes are on mini-dresses, hotpants and glittering gowns shown by Valentino, Kenzo and other fashion houses on the catwalk in Dubai this week.

Japanese Beauties
Ken Watanabe 
Entertainment Weekly - Jan 08 9:03 PM
He stole Tom Cruise's thunder in The Last Samurai and charmed a bevy of beauties in Memoirs of a Geisha . Now, with Letters From Iwo Jima , Clint Eastwood's Japanese counterpart to Flags of Our Fathers , the 47-year-old actor proves he's a force in any language.

Japanese Music
European stocks fall, pressured by EMI, Carrefour 
AFP via Yahoo! News - Jan 12 4:45 AM
Leading European stock markets fell, with overall overnight support from Wall Street countering sharp falls for British music group EMI and French supermarket giant Carrefour.

Japanese Art
Italy wants Japanese museums to return 'stolen' items 
Daily Yomiuri Online - Jan 11 10:37 AM
The Italian government has concluded that many art objects housed in Japanese museums were stolen from ancient Roman archaeological sites and other places, and will ask the Cultural Affairs Agency to have them returned, it has been learned.

Japanese Food
Japan aid eases southern Africa food crisis -U.N. 
AlertNet - Jan 11 6:03 AM
Source: Reuters JOHANNESBURG, Jan 11 (Reuters) - A Japanese donation of $5.2 million has helped ease a food crisis in southern Africa, but more cash is needed to address persistent food problems, the United Nations ...

Japanese Babes
Yahoo Poll Shows More Support For Whaling In Japan 
Scoop.co.nz - Jan 10 12:09 PM
Greenpeace is misleading the public with claims that 70 percent of Japanese don't support whaling, the Institute of Cetacean Research (ICR) said today.

Japanese Maple
In the Garden the Right Way and Right Time to Transplant Trees 
RedNova - Jan 09 12:16 AM
By JOSHUA SISKIN Q: I have a potted Japanese maple that is 8 years old and 6 feet tall. I would like to transplant it to my yard and need advice as to when this should be done, where I should locate it and what fertilizer I should apply.

Japanese Names
Britain advises 5 Japanese to be tested for polonium 
Kyodo via Yahoo! Asia News - Jan 11 1:35 PM
_ British health authorities have advised five Japanese to be tested for a possible exposure to Polonium-210, the radioactive substance believed to have caused the death of former Federal Security Service agent Alexander Litvinenko late last year, Japanese Consulate General officials said Thursday.

Japanese Dictionary
Gilroy Lives on in Hearts of Japanese Visitors 
The Gilroy Dispatch - Jan 12 11:59 AM
Gilroy - The visiting high school students from Takko-machi, Japan, are preparing to take their leave of Gilroy, much sooner than they would have liked.

Japanese Translator
Franklin Electronic Publishers Launches Innovative Handheld Global Translator at CES 2007 
[Press Release] PR Newswire via Yahoo! Finance - Jan 08 6:00 AM
Language Speaking Translator Includes Chinese, Korean and Japanese!

Japanese Alphabet
Getting a head start 
Pasadena Star-News - Jan 10 12:19 AM
WEST COVINA - In the sunny classroom filled with children's art on the walls, Ofelia Medina's second-grade students were eager to show off their Chinese language skills.

Japanese Gardens
Gardens of Good and Evil 
Philadelphia City Paper - Jan 10 12:54 PM
If you were fighting in a war zone or languishing in a POW camp, how would you make it through the day?

Japanese Flag
A timely letter detailing war 
Vancouver Province - Jan 12 6:27 AM
The American flag waves atop a mountain in Letters From Iwo Jima, a sign of failure to the dispirited Japanese forces seeing it from a distant redoubt.

Japanese Writing
Japanese students face chopstick test 
AFP via Yahoo! News - Jan 10 9:09 AM
It's no secret that the Japanese are obsessed with education but in addition to the usual reading, writing and arithmetic some students will soon be tested on their ability to use... chopsticks.

Japanese Dragon
Dragon Quest Tops Japanese New Year Chart 
Gamasutra - Jan 11 6:15 AM
Delayed by several days because of the Japanese New Year holidays - a more significant gift giving occasion in the country than Christmas - the latest charts for the week ending December 31st show a highly impressive debut for Square Enix's latest Nintendo DS title. Created as a reaction to the Pokemon phenomenon, the Dragon Quest Monsters spin-off series has not seen a new entry since the ...

Japanese Buffet
Officials: Norovirus can be curbed 
Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune - 9 minutes ago
Over 90 norovirus outbreaks were reported in Wisconsin last year, but the Wood County Health Department hopes cleaner hands will create a healthier 2007. John Archer, of the Wisconsin Division of Public Health, issued a memo in late December regarding the issue and said norovirus is the most common cause of foodborne disease in the county. In 2006, in Wisconsin, the CDES (Communicable Disease ...

Japanese Cartoons
Global endeavor: Japanese Friendship Program unveils new Web site 
The Southern Illinoisan - Jan 12 5:33 AM
MARION - The Southern Illinois Japanese Friendship Program has managed to stay busy enough to say it in two languages and a new Web site is taking that mission global.

Japanese Internment
Web site tracks life in WWII internment camps 
Seattle Post-Intelligencer - Jan 08 11:03 PM
The non-profit Densho is adding scanned images of internment-camp newspapers to an online archive that alredy includes videotaped interviews with Japanese Americans recalling their experiences.

Japanese Tattoos
Up Next And Recaps 
CBS News - Jan 12 9:00 AM
COVER: Bad Cars: American buyers have been turning their backs on "Big Three" cars in favor of Toyotas and Hondas because the Japanese have been making superior quality vehicles. Surprise!

Japanese Characters
Japanese Story 
BellaOnline - 10 minutes ago
An unusual Australian film that caught the attention of International film critics following its 2003 release.

Japanese Words
Winning words, art and music of four area veterans highlighted at a national arts festival 
Rapid City Journal - Jan 11 10:40 PM
They are four western South Dakota veterans who served during different eras, who endured physical or emotional wounds and who come from a range of cultural and life experiences.

Japanese Garden
Home & Garden calendar 
King County Journal - Jan 11 3:02 AM
2007 Tacoma Home and Garden Show: Seminars and demonstrations with the latest products and services, Jan. 31 to Feb. 4 at Tacoma Dome & Exhibition Hall, Tacoma.

Japanese Translation
TRANSCRIPT OF NEWS CONFERENCE WITH AGRICULTURE SECRETARY MIKE JOHANNS AND JAPANESE MINISTER OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY ... 
[Press Release] USDA - Jan 11 3:33 PM
SECRETARY MIKE JOHANNS : Let me just start out and express to you, we're sorry to keep you waiting, but our meeting actually ran a little longer than we anticipated, and I think that indicates that we've had some very, very good discussion. I'm going to talk to you very, very briefly.

Japanese Calligraphy
Calligraphy contest held in Tokyo 
NDTV - Jan 07 7:37 PM
Japan's first calligraphy contest of the year has been held in Tokyo. The first calligraphy of the year, called Kakizome is considered the most apt in Japan for New Year's resolutions.

Japanese Swords
Samurai X: Trust & Betrayal 
Anime News Network - 36 minutes ago
The amazing prequel series to Rurouni Kenshin is collected into a feature-length motion picture enhanced with new animated sequences. Desiring to bring peace to the land, Kenshin disobeys the will of his master and joins the Chosu clan in the fight against the Shogunate.

Japanese Panties
Miami Guns 
Anime News Network - Jan 12 1:34 AM
In the pseudo-American, fictional city of Miami, the last line of defense against crime is an oddly matched pair of cops: straitlaced Lu and ditzy rich girl Yao, the so-called "Miami Guns." But who will protect them when their own partnership is threatened?

All Categories

Japanesse
Japanes
Japanees
Japnese
Jappanese
Japanse
Japannese
Japanee
Apanese


 

Japanese Anime

- Japanes Anime

Here is an article on Japanese Anime.

Japanese Anime
The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, japanese aime Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog)
Anime and Manga Portal

Anime (アニメ?) (IPA pronunciation: /ɑnime/ listen  in Japanese, but typically /ˈænɪˌme(ɪ)/ or /ˈænəˌme(ɪ)/ in English) is an abbreviation Jappanese Anime of the word "animation". Outside Japan, the term most popularly refers to animation originating in Japan. To Japannese Anime the West, not all animation is considered anime; Japanee Anime and anime is considered subset of animation.

While some anime is hand drawn, computer assisted animation techniques have Apanese Anime become quite Japaese Anime common in recent years. Like any entertainment medium, the story lines represent most major genres Japamese Anime of fiction. Anime is broadcast on television, distributed on Japanesee Anime media such as DVD and VHS, and included in computer and video games. Additionally, some Japnaese Anime are produced as full length motion pictures. Anime often Jpanese Anime draws influence from Japanese manga and light novels. Some anime storylines have been adapted japanese anime into live action films and television series.

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Terminology
    • 2.1 Etymology japanese anime wallpapers and Pronunciation
    • 2.2 The Anime Definition
    • 2.3 Syntax japanese anime music and morphology
    • 2.4 Synonyms
  • 3 Characteristics
    • 3.1 Genres
    • 3.2 Style
  • 4 Anime x japanese anime pregnant japanese anime beyond Japan
    • 4.1 Early anime in the free japanese anime backgrounds for myspace United States
    • 4.2 Current japanese anime costumes reception in the United States
    • 4.3 Commercial japanese anime search appeal
    • 4.4 Licensing
    • 4.5 Fansubs
    • 4.6 Influence on Western animation
  • 5 Notes
  • 6 References
  • 7 See how to draw japanese anime japanese anime art also
    • 7.1 Online encyclopedias
    • 7.2 Terminology
    • 7.3 Licensing and translation
    • 7.4 Lists
  • 8 External free japanese anime good japanese anime links

History

Main article: japanese anime dvd History of anime
Astro Boy, star japanese anime for kids of the long-running science fiction anime series of the same name.

The history of history of japanese art anime anime begins at the start of the 20th century, when Japanese japanese anime mp3 downloads filmmakers experimented with the japanese anime software discount animation techniques that were being explored in France, Germany, United States anime japanese and Russia.

Animation became popular in Japan as it provided an alternative format of storytelling anime japanese wallpaper compared to the underdeveloped live-action industry in Japan. Unlike America, where cute japanese anime live-action shows and movies have generous budgets, the live-action industry in Japan is a small market and suffered from japanese anime cartoons budgeting, location, and casting restrictions. The lack of japanese anime show Western-looking actors, for example, made it next to impossible to shoot films set in japanese anime wallpaper Europe, America, or fantasy worlds that do not naturally involve Asians. anime japanese anime downloads The varied use of animation allowed artists to create characters and settings that did not look Japanese anime japanese art at all.[1]

During the 1970s, there animes japanese was a surge of growth in the popularity of manga comics — which were demon japanese anime often later animated — especially those of japanese anime piano Osamu Tezuka, who has been called a "legend"[2] and the "god of manga".[3][4] As a inuyasha japanese anime result of his work and that of other pioneers in the field, anime developed characteristics and japanese anime cartoon character genres that are fundamental elements of the art today. The giant robot genre (known as "mecha" outside Japan), for japanese anime clothing instance, took shape under Tezuka, developed under Go Nagai and japanese anime episodes others, and was revolutionized japanese anime games at the end of the decade by Yoshiyuki Tomino. Robot anime like Gundam and japanese anime toys Macross became instant classics in the 80s, and the robot genre traditional japanese anime of anime is still one of the most popular in Japan and worldwide today. In the 1980s, anime was accepted in free japanese anime videos the mainstream in Japan, and how to make a japanese anime costume experienced a boom in production (It should be noticed that, japanese anime downloads Manga has significantly more mainstream exposure than anime in Japan). The mid-to-late '90s, on into the japanese anime movies 2000s, saw an increased acceptance of anime in overseas markets.

Terminology

Etymology and japanese anime piano music Pronunciation

The Japanese japanese anime songs term for animation is アニメーション (animēshon, pronounced: ɑnime:ɕoɴ), written in katakana. It read japanese anime online is a direct transliteration and re-borrowed loanword (see gairaigo) tips on drawing japanese anime of the English term "animation." The Japanese term is all japanese anime abbreviated as アニメ (anime, pronounced: ɑnime). Both the original and abbreviated forms are valid and interchangeable in Japanese, but as could be expected the abbreviated form download japanese anime songs is more commonly used.

The pronunciation of anime in English differs japanese anime chords significantly from Japanese. The first vowel is further japanese anime episode names forward in English than Japanese: æ is more likely than ɑ. As English japanese anime products and Japanese stress words differently, the second vowel is likely to japanese anime radio emerge as an unstressed schwa (ə or [[I]] in English, whereas in Japanese each syllable carries equal japanese caveman cartoon anime stress. As with a few other Japanese words such as Pokémon and Kobo Abé, anime is sometimes spelled japanese manga anime as animé in English with an acute accent over the final e to cue the reader sad japanese anime that the letter is pronounced as software programs tools for japanese anime Japanese e. However, this accent does anime japanese cartoons not appear in romanized Japanese, and English native anime japanese dragon speakers may produce [[eI]].

The Anime Definition

An example of the anime drawing style

Linguistically, the anime japanese uniforms anime definition classic japanese anime is subject to interpretation. In Japan, the term does not specify an animation's nation of origin or style; instead, it dowloadable japanese anime songs is used download japanese anime song as a blanket term to refer to all forms of animation from around the world.[5] In download song anime ningyo hime marina japanese English, main dictionary sources define anime draw japanese anime online tutorials as "a Japanese style of motion-picture animation" or "a style of animation japanese anime and music quizzes developed in Japan".[6] Thus, non-Japanese works are sometimes called japanese anime cartoon pictures anime-influenced animation if they borrow stylistically from Japanese animation.

In western countries the word is used usually only japanese anime characters to refer to animated programming of Japanese origin, with the term "cartoon" or "animated series" japanese anime costume used for most other visual styles. The online anime database AniDB generally defines japanese anime costumes for sale anime (in the singular form) as "an animated, professionally japanese anime face produced, feature film created by a Japanese company for the japanese anime galleries Japanese market".[5] However, some anime are co-productions with japanese anime linens non-Japanese companies like the Cartoon Network. Thus, anime is no longer specific to the Japanese japanese anime movies to download market.

Syntax and morphology

Anime can be used japanese anime mp3 as a common noun, "Do you watch anime?" or as a suppletive adjective, "The anime Guyver is different from japanese anime online the movie Guyver." It may also be used as a mass noun, japanese anime pictures as in "How much anime have you collected?" and therefore is never pluralized "animes" (nouns are japanese anime romance never pluralized in Japanese). However, japanese anime scene in other languages where anime has been adopted japanese anime screensavers as a loan word, it is sometimes used as a count noun in singular and in plural as in japanese anime story Danish "Jeg tror, jeg vil se en anime" ("I think I'll japanese anime uncut watch an anime") and "Hvor mange anime'er japanese friends, anime har du nu?" ("How many animes do you have now?").

Synonyms

Anime is sometimes referred to as Japanimation, but this term has fallen japanese sonic anime downloads into disuse. Japanimation saw the most usage during the 1970s japanese yu-gi-oh anime and 1980s, which broadly comprise the first and second waves of anime fandom, learn to draw japanese anime online and had continued use up until before the mid-1990s anime resurgence. In one piece japanese downloads anime general, the term now yu gi oh japanese anime only appears in nostalgic contexts. The term is much more commonly all legal japanese anime used within Japan to refer to domestic animation. Since anime or animēshon is used to describe all forms of animation, Japanimation is animation art in japanese not anime used to distinguish anime explosion : the what why and wow of japanese animation Japanese work from that of the rest of the world.

In more recent years, anime has anime japanese neck tie also frequently been referred to as manga in European countries, a practice that may stem from anime online - japanese the Japanese usage: In Japan, manga can anime tapes dragon ball z japanese refer to both animation and comics (although the cute japanese love anime use of manga to refer to animation is mostly restricted to non-fans). Among English speakers, manga usually has the stricter meaning of "Japanese definition of japanese anime comics". An alternate explanation is that download japanese anime it is due to the prominence of download song anime little mermaid japanese Manga Entertainment, a distributor of anime to the US and UK markets. Because Manga Entertainment downloadable free japanese anime songs originated in the UK the use of the term draw japanese anime is common outside of Japan. The portmanteau "animanga" has been used to collectively refer to anime and manga, though it is also finnish trance song played over japanese anime a term used to describe comics produced from animation cels.

Characteristics

Dragon Ball free videos of japanese girls anime Z (1989) is a popular shōnen anime based on original manga with 291 episodes and 13 movies.

Anime features a fruits basket japanese anime wide variety gals/ japanese anime of artistic styles. They vary from artist to artist or by studio to studio. how to become an japanese anime artist They are generally characterized by detailed backgrounds and stylized characters in a variety of different how to draw japanese anime clothes settings and storylines, aimed at a wide range of audiences.

Genres

Anime has many genres typically how to draw japanese anime online found in any mass media japanese = anime form. Such genres include action, adventure, children's stories, comedy, drama, erotica (hentai), medieval fantasy, occult/horror, romance, and science fiction.

Most anime japanese anime actors includes content from several different genres, as well as a variety japanese anime angels of thematic elements. This can make it difficult to categorize some titles by japanese anime arcade games genres. A show may have a japanese anime artists seemingly simple surface plot, but at the same time may feature a far more complex, deeper storyline and japanese anime bleach character development. It is not uncommon for an action themed japanese anime brave story anime to also involve humor, japanese anime catalogues romance, and even social commentary. The same can be applied to a romance themed anime in that it japanese anime character may involve an action element, or in some cases brutal japanese anime character designers violence.

The following is a list of the major genres and designations japanese anime clothes that are specific to anime and manga.[7]

  • Bishōjo: Japanese japanese anime conventions for 'beautiful girl', blanket term that japanese anime conventions houston can be used to describe any anime that features pretty girl characters, for example japanese anime cult Magic Knight Rayearth.
  • Bishōnen: Japanese for 'beautiful boy' japanese anime drawings blanket term that can be used to describe any anime that japanese anime dvd rentals near newark nj features "pretty" and elegant boys and men, for example Fushigi Yūgi and most CLAMP shows.
  • Ecchi: Derived from the pronunciation of the letter japanese anime fanart 'H,'the first letter japanese anime flash games of the word 'Hentai'. Japanese for 'indecent sexuality'. Contains mild japanese anime genres sexual humor, and some fan service, for example Love Hina and He Is My Master.
  • Hentai: Japanese japanese anime ghost stories for 'abnormal' or 'perverted', and used by Western Audiences to refer japanese anime guys to pornographic anime or erotica. However, in Japan the term used to refer japanese anime hayao miyazaki to the same material is typically Poruno or Ero. Example: La japanese anime manga Blue Girl, MeruPuri.
  • Josei: Japanese for 'young woman', this is japanese anime music download anime or manga that is aimed at young women, and is one of japanese anime nurses the rarest forms. Example: NANA.
  • Kodomo: Japanese for 'child', this is anime or manga that is aimed at young children, japanese anime ost for example Doraemon. Hello Kitty, Keropi and japanese anime pics wall paper Panda-Z are other examples.
  • Robot/Mecha: Anime or manga featuring super robots, examples: Mobile Suit japanese anime robots Gundam and Neon Genesis Evangelion.
  • Moé: Anime or manga japanese anime scanlation featuring characters that are extremely perky or cute, for example A Little Snow Fairy Sugar and Akazukin Chacha.
  • Progressive: "Art films" japanese anime scanslation or extremely stylized anime, japanese anime screensaver for example Voices of a Distant Star or Byōsoku 5 Centimetre.
  • Seinen: Anime or manga targeted at japanese anime snafu teenage or young male adults, for example Oh My Goddess!, Outlaw Star and Cowboy Bebop.
  • Sentai/Super Sentai: japanese anime song Literally "fighting team" in Japanese, refers to any show that involves a superhero team, for japanese anime tattoo example Cyborg 009.
  • Shōjo: Japanese japanese anime torrents for 'young lady' or 'little girl', refers to anime japanese anime twin angels or manga targeted at girls, for example Fruits Basket, "Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch"
    • Mahō shōjo: Subgenre of shōjo known for 'Magical japanese anime wigs Girl' stories, for example Sailor Moon.
  • Shōnen: Japanese for 'boys', Shōnen is like Seinen, but japanese anime wolves refers to anime japanese christmas anime mp3 or manga targeted at younger boys, for example Dragon Ball Z or Naruto .
    • Mahō shōnen: japanese groping pics anime Male equivalent of Mahō Shōjo, for example DNAngel.
  • Shōjo-ai/yuri: Japanese for 'girl-love', refers japanese horror anime to anime or manga that focus on love and romance between female characters, for example japanese ninja anime Revolutionary Girl Utena and Kannazuki no japanese swallow anime Miko. It is often being replaced by the term "Girls Love" (GL).
  • Shōnen-ai/Yaoi: Japanese for 'boy-love', refers to anime or manga japanese yuri anime that focus on love one piece japanese anime and romance between male characters. The term "Shōnen-ai" is being phased out in Japan due popular japanese anime characters to its other meaning of pederasty, and is being replaced by the term "Boys Love" (BL). An example of research on japanese anime obsession science in the news on japanese anime this style is Loveless.

Some anime titles are written for a very specific audience, even narrower than those described above. For top 50 japanese anime example, Initial D, Wangan Midnight and éX-Driver concern street racing and car tuning. Ashita No Joe is watch free japanese anime about boxing. Hanaukyo Maid Team is based on the French maid fantasy.

Style

An example of FLCL's wild, exaggerated stylization.

While different titles and different artists have their own artistic styles, many stylistic elements have become so common such that they are described as being definitive of anime in general. These elements have been given names of their own. The anime drawing style can be learned, particularly with the aid of books such as How to Draw Manga. Such books come complete with information and instructions on the styles used in anime.

A common approach is the large eyes style drawn on many anime characters, credited to the influence of Osamu Tezuka, who was inspired by the exaggerated features of American cartoon characters such as Betty Boop and Mickey Mouse and from Disney's Bambi. Tezuka found that large eyes style allowed his characters to show emotions distinctly. Cultural anthropologist Matt Thorn argues that Japanese animators and audiences do not perceive such stylized eyes as inherently more or less foreign.[8] When Tezuka began drawing Ribbon no Kishi, the first manga specifically targeted at young girls, Tezuka further exaggerated the size of the characters' eyes. Indeed, through Ribbon no Kishi, Tezuka set a stylistic template that later shōjo artists tended to follow. Another variation of this style is "chibi" or "super deformed"; which usually feature huge eyes, an enlarged head, and small body.

Other stylistic elements are common as well; often in comedic anime, characters that are shocked or surprised will perform a "face fault", in which they display an extremely exaggerated expression. Angry characters may exhibit a "vein" or "stressmark" effect, where lines representing bulging veins will appear on their forehead. Angry women will sometimes summon a mallet from nowhere and strike someone with it, leading to the concept of Hammerspace. Male characters will develop a bloody nose around their female love interests (typically to indicate arousal, based on an old wives' tale).[9] Embarrassed characters will invariably produce a massive sweat-drop, which has become one of the most widely recognized stereotype motifs of anime.

The degree of stylization varies from title to title. Some titles make extensive use of common stylization: FLCL, for example, is known for its wild, exaggerated stylization. In contrast, titles such as Only Yesterday, a film by Isao Takahata, take a much more realistic approach, and feature no stylistic exaggerations.

Anime beyond Japan

Early anime in the United States

The United States saw its first exposure to anime in September of 1963, when NBC syndicated a dubbed version of the Japanese series Astro Boy. Not counting such Japanese/American co-productions as The King Kong Show and Johnny Cypher in Dimension Zero[1], only seven more anime TV series were released in the United States in the 1960s. These were 8 Man (1965), Gigantor (1966), Kimba the White Lion (1966), Prince Planet (1966), Marine Boy (1966), The Amazing 3 (1967) and Speed Racer (1967). Speed Racer would be the last anime series released in the United States until 1978 when the 1972 series Kagaku ninja tai Gatchaman was adapted for American audiences as Battle of the Planets.[10] Many anime series that made it to American television from the 1960s through the 1980s tended to be sci-fi or action-oriented, such as Star Blazers (the English dub of Space Battleship Yamato) and Robotech and Voltron (both Americanized amalgamations of unrelated anime series cobbled together into a single story).

As the 1980s wore on, more anime series and films targeted at very young children also found their way to U.S. TV screens, often on cable television channels or in syndication. Nickelodeon broadcast many mostly Canadian-made English dubs of anime films during its early years, including TV series such as Mysterious Cities of Gold, Adventures of the Little Koala, Belle and Sebastian, The Adventures of the Little Prince, Noozles, Maya the Bee, Grimm's Fairy Tale Classics, and The Littl' Bits, many of which were aired on "Nick Jr.", the network's block of programming for very young viewers. The Disney Channel broadcast both of the feature-length anime films starring Osamu Tezuka's popular unicorn character Unico, and CBN redubbed and broadcast its Bible-based anime TV series co-produced with Tatsunoko, Superbook and The Flying House. HBO also showed juvenile-targeted anime on occasion, including TV series such as Tales of Little Women, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and Saban's Adventures of Pinocchio and feature films such as Gisaburo Sugii's 1974 Jack and the Beanstalk.

A great many anime films and feature-length TV series compilations were also released direct-to-video in the U.S., and were often available for rental at mainstream video stores. Some titles which were distributed in the U.S. in this fashion included Candy Candy, Captain Future, Angel, Serendipity the Pink Dragon, Taro the Dragon Boy, Robby the Rascal (Cybot Robotchi), and Ninja the Wonder Boy (Manga Sarutobi Sasuke).

For the most part, though, these TV series and films were not actively promoted as being of Japanese origin; in fact, many of them went so far as to remove most or all Japanese names from the credits except for credits to the animation studios. In the series themselves, character names were often changed and Japanese cultural references removed to make them more accessible to English-speaking audiences. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, this trend began to change as more openly Japanese works, such as Sailor Moon, Dragonball Z, Pokémon, Yu-Gi-Oh, and Gundam Wing, achieved mainstream popularity on American television. Although many of these shows did undergo some kind of "Americanization" in the form of character name changes and edits for violence, language, and the occasional nudity, viewers were more aware of the shows' country of origin, which might perhaps pique their curiosity to seek out other works in a similar style.

Current reception in the United States

AnimeNation’s John Oppliger had this to say on the matter:

The support for anime among American anime fans is very strong. The availability of anime in America is truly impressive, especially within the anime fan community. Awareness of Japanese animation in America is at an all time high. However, mainstream acceptance of anime in America lags far behind the advances anime has made in other respects. A close examination of the support for anime on American television may provide a revealing and realistic gauge of the actual penetration of anime into America and American culture. Anime may seem like it's tremendously successful in America because its high profile, but the facts tell another story.

According to AC Nielsen, Pixar's The Incredibles sold 16 million copies on DVD in America last year. Shark Tale sold nearly 10 million copies. Even the DVD release of Bambi sold 6 million copies in 2005. In comparison, all three Inuyasha movies combined have sold just over 1 million copies in the past year and a half. Evidently, the success of anime in America is very relative. American anime fans are very devoted. Through underground means hardcore American fans now have access to brand new Japanese anime before even many Japanese residents do. America's anime fan community is influential because it's affluent, intelligent, and motivated. But it's not very large.[11]

Despite assessments like that, and its rare and limited release in American theaters, anime's legitimacy and respect in North America has grown well enough to garner major native artistic awards such as the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature in 2002 for Spirited Away by Hayao Miyazaki. Anime has a dedicated fan following in English speaking countries, particularly active on the internet, and at conventions regularly held throughout the US and UK.

Commercial appeal

Anime has become commercially profitable in western countries as early commercially successful western adaptations of anime, such as Astro Boy, have revealed.[12] The phenomenal success of Nintendo's multi-billion dollar Pokémon franchise[13] was helped greatly by the spin-off anime series, which, first broadcast in the late 1990's, is still running worldwide to this day.

Licensing

Main article: Anime licensing

Anime is available outside of Japan in localized form. Licensed anime is modified by distributors through dubbing into the language of the country. The anime may also be edited to alter cultural references that may not be understood by a non-Japanese person and certain companies may remove what may be perceived as objectionable content. This process was far more common in the past (e.g. One Piece), when anime was largely unheard of in the west, but its use has declined in recent years because of the demand for anime in its original form. This "light touch" approach to localization has proved popular with fans as well as viewers formerly unfamiliar with anime. The popularity of such methods is evident by the success of Naruto and Cartoon Network's Adult Swim programming block, both of which employ minor edits. The "light touch" approach also applies to DVD releases as they often include both the dubbed audio and the original Japanese audio with subtitles, are typically unedited. Anime edited for television is usually released on DVD "uncut," with all scenes intact.

Anime has also been a commercial success in Asia, Europe and Latin America; where anime has become even more mainstream than in the United States, for example the Saint Seiya video game was released in Europe due to the popularity of the show even years after the series has been off-air.

Fansubs

Main article: Fansub

Although it is a violation of copyright laws in many countries, some fans watch fansubs, recordings of anime series that have been subtitled by fans. Watching subtitled Japanese versions, though not necessarily downloaded fansubs, is seen by many enthusiasts as the preferred method of watching anime. The ethical implications of producing, distributing, or watching fansubs are topics of much controversy even when fansub groups do not profit from their activities and cease distribution of their work once the series has been licensed outside of Japan.

It is also agreed by many fans that fansubs are occasionally superior to subtitles on released DVDs in US, as the subtitles are easier to read and the subtitles on the songs often include sing-along style subtitles, often with a theme associated with the show.citation needed]

Influence on Western animation

Main article: Anime-influenced animation

Some Western animation use anime methods described in anime physics. Such examples exist in Totally Spies!, The Boondocks, W.I.T.C.H. and Teen Titans. In addition, works such as Avatar: The Last Airbender featured Asian themes. While these examples are not particularly considered as anime, they are best noted for being "influenced by anime".

Notes

  1. ^ Sato, Kenji (2002). Media in Asia. Retrieved on 2006-11-19.
  2. ^ Ohara, Atsushi; Asahi Shimbun (May 11, 2006). 5 missing manga pieces by Osamu Tezuka found in U.S. (English). Asahi.com. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  3. ^ Dr. Osamu Tezuka (English). The Anime Encyclopedia. The Anime Café (2000-03-14). Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  4. ^ Gravett, Paul (2003). Osamu Tezuka: The God of Manga. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  5. ^ a b AniDB Definition:Anime. AniDB. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  6. ^ Anime Dictionary Definition. Dictionary.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-09.
  7. ^ Anime News Network – Lexicon. Retrieved on 2006-11-17.
  8. ^ Do Manga Characters Look "White"?. Retrieved on 11 December, 2005.
  9. ^ The concept of a bloody nose is supposedly due to blood rushing to the face in an exaggerated blush. Sometimes the character will even be propelled up into the air by a fountain of blood. (See Nosebleeds in fiction.)
  10. ^ Patten, Fred; editor John A. Lent (2001). "Anime in the United States" in Animation in Asia and the Pacific. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34035-7. 
  11. ^ Oppliger, John (2006-01-13). Why Does Anime Have So Little Exposure on American TV?. Ask John. AnimeNation News. Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  12. ^ Progress Against the Law: Fan Distribution, Copyright, and the Explosive Growth of Japanese Animation. Retrieved on 1 May, 2006.
  13. ^ "Pokemon (sic) Franchise Approaches 150 Million Games Sold", PR Newswire, 2005-10-04. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.

References

  • Clements, Jonathan; McCarthy, Helen (2001). The Anime Encyclopedia. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-880656-64-7. 
  • Napier, Susan J. (2001). Anime: From Akira to Princess Mononoke. New York: Palgrave. ISBN 0-312-23862-2. 
  • Poitras, Gilles (1998). Anime Companion. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-880656-32-9. 
  • Poitras, Gilles (2000). Anime Essentials. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. ISBN 1-880656-53-1. 
  • Baricordi, Andrea; Pelletier, Claude (2000). Anime: A Guide to Japanese Animation (1958–1988). Montreal, Canada: Protoculture. ISBN 2-9805759-0-9. 
  • Schodt, Frederik L. (1996). Dreamland Japan, Writings on Modern Manga. Berkeley, California: Stone Bridge Press. 

See also

  • Animated cartoon
  • Animation
  • Anime game
  • Anime industry
  • Anime-influenced animation
  • Cartoon physics
  • Cartoon
  • Hammerspace
  • Kaoani
  • Manga
  • Traditional animation
  • Late night anime

Online encyclopedias

  • AnimeNfo
  • Anime News Network
  • Enciclopedia Anime (In Spanish)

Terminology

  • Anime Music Video – Often Abbreviated as AMV
  • Catgirl – A human girl usually depicted with cat ears and a tail
  • Chibi – Drawing in "Super Deformed" style, where the head and body are severely out of proportion.
  • Cosplay – Dressing up in a costume of a fictional character
  • Dōjinshi or Doujinshi – Fan made manga based upon a preexisting series.
  • Fanfic A story written by Fans based on preexisting plots and or casts.
  • Lemons and Limes A notation on Fan fiction to warn readers of potentially explicit content.
  • Japanese television dramas
  • Eroge
  • EroGuro
  • Hentai – Anime involving sexually explicit or pornographic content
  • J-pop – Japanese pop music
  • Lolicon – Anime involving sexual depictions of young girls
  • Otaku – An obsessed collector, usually collecting manga/anime
  • OVA – Original Video Animation, anime released direct-to-video
  • ONA – Original Net Animation, an anime released on the net first(Very rare)
  • Seiyū – Japanese voice actors and actresses
  • Shota – Anime involving sexual depictions of young boys
  • Yuri – Anime involving a girl-girl relationship
  • Yaoi – Anime involving a boy-boy relationship

Licensing and translation

  • Anime licensing
  • Editing of anime in American distribution
  • Fansub
  • Glossary:Japanese film credit terms

Lists

  • List of anime by Year
1910s, 1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s
2000s
  • List of anime by Type
Series, Films, OVAs
  • Other
Anime Companies
Conventions
Anime theatrically released in America
Notable names in anime (directors, creators, and so forth)

External links

Look up anime in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Anime
  • Anime News Network - Anime news and database website
  • AnimeNfo - Anime database, reviews, and community forums.
  • AniDB - Database of anime series, hashes, fansub groups, and 'mylist' feature.

Search Term: "Anime"

 

Roundup: New Anime Series, Japanese Sites 

Anime News Network - Jan 10 11:20 PM
RIGHT TURN ONLY!! - Invasion of the One-Word Titles Basilisk! Emma! Life! Manga series that need no introduction, right here on the latest RTO!! Also, look forward to a cute but clever Import of the Month.
Sakura-Con Announces First Japanese Guests for 10th Anniversary Celebration 
Anime News Network - Jan 12 2:04 AM
Seattle, WA- 1-11-2007 Just in time for the New Year Sakura-Con is pleased to present three new Guests of Honor for Sakura-Con 2007!

Japan Post Announces Evangelion Stamp Series 
Anime News Network - Jan 09 11:50 AM
The Japanese Post Office, better known as Japan Post, has announced that the 5th Edition of their popular "Heroes and Heroines of Anime" Stamp Series will feature Neon Genesis Evangelion.

'Arthur and the Invisibles" overly ambitious 
WNYT Albany - Jan 12 8:34 AM
Talented cast can't save cartoon